Tuesday, October 6, 2009

Defining Disability in the 21st Century




How would you personally define or describe a disability? Officially, there are many ways of defining what a disability is, although the two most commonly used models used for deriving the definitions are known as the ‘medical model’ and the ‘social model’. The World Health Organisation (WHO) created the medical model in the early 1980’s and the definitions within were biased toward the convenience of medical personnel. The medical model breaks disability down into three key definition areas: Impairment - which means the loss or abnormality in structure or function; Disability - which refers to the inability to perform an activity within the normal range of a human being because of said impairment; and; Handicap - The inability to carry out normal social roles because of an impairment/disability. This model and associated terms are not popular with groups out with the medical profession, especially with the disabled themselves, as these definitions give the impression that disability is allied to ill health and it is the medical profession that hold the answers to solving the problems connected to disability.This is why the social model is the preferred method of realising the true effects of a disability or impairment. The social model specifically looks at the way in which the lives of disabled people are affected by the barriers that society imposes.[1] It is strongly believed that if social and environmental barriers were removed, there would be a more realistic possibility of disabled people living a more equal and normal life alongside non-disabled people. This would create a significant reduction in the true effects and hardships of coping with a disability. The social model effectively emphasises the social, economical and environmental restrictions rather than the physical or mental restrictions of the impairment. Unfortunately it is discriminatory attitudes and ignorance that continue to cause the real problems in the lives of people living with impairments. The causes of disabilities are many and varied, and affect people of all cultural and social backgrounds. Living and environmental conditions as well as financial circumstances will all affect how people are able to manage their disabilities. People with more money for instance, are able to pay for home adaptations, mobility products and additional care if it is required, whereas people on lower incomes are not able to do the same.Fortunately the market for more easily accessible living aids is opening up and as a result the costs involved in purchasing living aid products are coming down. One of the UK’s leading suppliers of mobility and disability products have recently launched a new online shop making it easier for customers to be able to browse and purchase easier living products without the complications of having to visit showrooms or stores.The Easier Living Warehouse has positioned itself as the UK's premier supplier of mobility equipment and disabled aids and accessories and has become the one-stop shop for high quality, great value Rollators, Walking Sticks, Reachers and a vast array of mobility products to assist in daily activities throughout the house and is used by care professionals and the general public.Easier Living Warehouse are able to offer a comprehensive range of high quality products available at highly cost effective prices with delivery direct to your specified address. Try easierliving.co.uk for all of your mobility, living aids and rehabilitation product needs.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------[1] dlf.org.uk/public/factsheets.htmlRESOURCESThis Article is brought to you by the Easier Living Warehouse , UK's premier supplier of Mobility equipment such as Car Ramps ,Mobility Aids ,Walking Sticks and Wheelchair Ramps . They also offer other disability-related accessories such as the Rollator and Hearing Aids . Their product range assists users in their daily activities throughout the house. They supply both care professionals and the general public.--Walking Sticks and Wheelchair Ramps . Source: http://www.articletrader.com
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